Images of graceful girls in national charming long dress have been a symbol of Vietnam. However, looking back the historic development of national dress, we not only has Ao Dai but also Ao Yem Vietnam – the indispensable dress of ancient girls. It is an age-old dress which is maintained until today. It was used by all levels of society from working class to upper class. It also was used widely in traditional festivals therefore it was the national traditional clothes of ancient ladies.
It appeared in Vietnamese life in a very old day but until Ly dynasty it was basically in shaped. Through the stream of history, it was changing incessantly and improving its design. However the revolutions of ao yem only happended at the beginning of the last century while western trouser and skirt were entering Vietnam. In 17 century, it did not have any big change of model. In 19 century, ao yem has a square piece is cloth with one corner cut away to fit under the woman’s throat.
There is one type, which was often wore by ancient ladies was called “yem deo bua”. The name was “yem deo bua” because it has a small pocket of musk beside and it was an advantage weapon of ancient ladies. Furthermore, it made many original love stories. Today, it is appreciated for its cultural and artistic values. And on festive occasions, women throughout Vietnam are embracing and other Vietnamese traditional clothes with renewed enthusiasm.